The National Weather Service from United States has confirmed the actual influence from El Niño phenomenon on American countries. This confirmation came out after the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) checked the sea’s temperature in the Equatorial Pacific and it resulted to be higher than the average, one of its main characteristics.
This time El Niño appeared late and weaker and because of this, its effects will be limited and less abrupt than 2014, but still with considerable influence for the agricultural industry. In the Atlantic, this phenomenon provokes less hurricanes, while generates strong droughts in Central America and South America, affecting the farming in these regions’ countries.
For example, in Nicaragua, the Nicaraguan Institute for Territorial Studies (Ineter, by its Spanish acronym) informed that El Niño is capable of modifying the rain cycle in the country and these anomalies in the weather may last until June of the present year.
Meanwhile, in El Salvador, the Environmental and Natural Resources Minister (MARN) preliminarily said that there’s a chance between 50% and 60% that this phenomenon keep affecting the country for the next three months. According to this entity, June would be the less rainy month, just with 60% of possibilities of rain increase.
In Guatemala, the government is already worried about the feeding’s security issue, because according to a research made by the National Institute of Seismology, Volcanology, Weather and Hydrology, May could show a considerable rise in the atmospheric temperature and less rain, which may cause losses in the harvest, therefore, it could cause an alimentary crisis for more than 800.000 people in the whole country.
In 2014, the Guatemalan suffered El Niño’s effects losing 80% from corn production, and 63% from beans, which increased this products price causing the feeding’s security issue among the population.
Until now, El Niño has caused strong wind bursts in some Central American countries such as Costa Rica and Nicaragua, provoking alerts among its population. If this phenomenon continues in the next months it is possible that the rainy season will be normalized until August in this region.